PLANT SPECIES IMPORTANT FOR POLLINATING INSECTS. CASE STUDY: BĂICENI LOCALITY (BOTOŞANI COUNTY)

Florentina SANDU 1, Irina IRIMIA 2, Anișoara STRATU 2*
1 National College “Mihai Eminescu” Iași, Romania
2 Departament of Biology, Faculty of Biology, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Romania

The aim of this paper is to point out plant species that are of benefit to pollinators, from the territory of the Băiceni (Botoșani county, NE region of Romania). The plant species were analyzed on the basis of the specialized literature as follows: bioform, flowering period, flower grouping, flower color, floral resources, melliferous potential. A number of 106 plant species belonging to 31 botanical families were identified; 41.50% are woody species and 58.50% are herbaceous species. The representative botanical families are: Rosaceae (19.81%), Fabaceae (14.15%) and Asteraceae (14.15%). The majority of the species recorded in the area of study have flowers grouped in inflorescences, blooming in spring and summer and are nectar-polleniferous. The color of the flowers varies from white, yellow, yellow-green to red, blue, purple. These species are an essential resource for pollinators (mainly for the honeybee) and thus contribute to keeping the ecological equilibrium of the ecosystems in the study area and to supporting local beekeeping.