CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS OF AN EXTREMELY RARE AND ENDEMIC ALGERIAN APIACEAE SPECIES, BUNIUM CRASSIFOLIUM BATT.
1 Laboratory of Phytochemistry, Physico-chemical and Biological Analysis, Faculty of Exact Sciences, University of Constantine 1, Road of Aïn El Bey, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
2 Laboratory for the optimization of agricultural production in sub-humid zones, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Agronomic Sciences, University of Skikda, Skikda, 21000, Algeria
3 Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biotechnological Techniques for the Valorization of Plant Resources, Department of Natural and Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of M’sila, Algeria
4 Laboratory of Ethnobotanical Naturals Substances, Department of Life and Natural Sciences, School Superior Normal- Kouba, 16308 Algiers, Algeria
5 Laboratory of plant Biology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences, University of Badji Mokhtar, 23000, Annaba, Algeria
6 University of Çankırı Karatekin, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, 18100 Çankırı, Turkey
Bunium crassifolium Batt. (B. crassifolium) (Apiaceae) is an extremely rare endemic species from the North East of Algeria. In this study, we extracted the volatile organic compounds (VOC) of B. crassifolium Batt. aerial parts using an Agilent G1888 network headspace sampler coupled with an Agilent 7890 GC system. The results revealed the presence of twenty-two (22) compounds, twenty (20) of which were identified as representing 97.48% of the total composition, the major components are: 44.67% of β-Cubebene, 8.82% of β-Caryophyllene, 7.04% of γ-Elemene, 4.70% of δ-Cadinene, 4.11% of γ-Cadinene, 3.77% of Ascaridole and 3.33% of β-Elemene, along with other constituents at a relatively low amount.