IDENTIFICATION OF THE HERBAL DRUG PRUNELLAE SPICA BASED ON MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC CHARACTERISTICS

Alexandra GROȘAN 1, Ruxandra ȘTEFĂNESCU 2*, Eszter LACZKÓ-ZÖLD 2, Sigrid EŞIANU 2, Lucia Daniela MUNTEAN 3
1 Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Romania
2 Discipline of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Romania
3 Department of Analytical Chemistry and Drug Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Romania

Prunella vulgaris L. belongs to the genus Prunella, Lamiaceae family, Nepetoideae subfamily. In Romania, the genus Prunella includes Prunella vulgaris L., Prunella grandiflora (L.) Jacq and Prunella laciniata L.. Amongst these, Prunella vulgaris is of particular importance, having numerous pharmacological actions. The purpose of this study is to analyze macroscopically and microscopically the main characters by which Prunellae spica can be identified and distinguished from other fruit-spikes from species of the Lamiaceae family.