HEMP SHIVES AS NATURAL AMENDMENTS IN CROPS OF RAPESEED (BRASSICA NAPUS) AND FLAX (LINUM USITATISSIMUM)

Alina STINGU 2*, Corneliu TANASE 1, Valentin I. POPA 2
1 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Tîrgu Mureş, Romania
2 Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection, Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iași, Romania

The aim of this study is to evaluate the possibility of using hemp shives as natural amendments in a phytoremediation sequence. Thus, plant growth tests were conducted for rapeseed (Brassica napus) and flax (Linum usitatissimum) in vegetation pots with sandy soil. These were seeded in a cadmium artificial contaminated environment with or without hemp shives. The efficiency of hemp shives as natural amendments was evaluated after 40 days of initiating experimental model, by evaluation of plant growth and development of plants through biometric and gravimetric measurements. Also, the concentration of assimilatory pigments was determined. In order to establish bioaccumulation capacity, degree of recovery and translocation factor, it was determined the concentration of cadmium metal ions absorbed in various parts of rapeseed and flax plants. It has been found that the development of the root system is more pronounced in the presence of hemp shives both in contamination with cadmium ions and in the absence. By determining cadmium concentrations accumulate in various parts of the plant have been shown that supplementing growth media with hemp shives, improves the bioaccumulation process of cadmium ions. According to the results, the hemp shives can be used as amendments in phytoremediation process, enhancing bioaccumulation process.