A MINI REVIEW ON BIOTECHNOLOGICAL POTENTIALS OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND BIOPRODUCTS ISOLATED FROM CYANOBACTERIA

Ramzi H. AMRAN 1,2*, Mamdoh T. JAMAL 1, Fotoon SAYEGH 3, Saba BOWRJI 2, Sathianeson SATHEESH 1
1 Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80207, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Marine Biology and Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Sciences and Environments, Hodeidah University, Hodeidah, Yemen
3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Cyanobacteria are well-distributed, because of their ability to acclimate to various environments. Recently, cyanobacteria have received more research attention due to increasing pollution problems and global warming. They have many potential applications in the biotechnology sectors such as pharmaceuticals, bioplastics production, and cosmetics. Cyanobacteria produce many biologically active compounds that are utilized as anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal agents. The bioactive metabolites extracted from cyanobacteria include alkaloids, fatty acids, lipopeptides, and amides. In this minireview, the potential of some biotechnical applications are summarized to provide an account of the recent advancements in cyanobacteria research.