PHYTOSOCIOGICAL RESEARCH ON WET MEADOWS DOMINATED BY SCIRPUS SYLVATICUS L. IN CĂLIMANI AND GURGHIULUI MOUNTAINS (MUREȘ COUNTY)

Silvia OROIAN 1, Mihaela SĂMĂRGHIŢAN 2*
1 Department F1, Discipline of Pharmaceutical Botany, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Romania
2 Mureş County Museum, Department of Natural Sciences, 24 Horea Street, RO-540036 Târgu Mureş, Romania

Phytosociological structure of the communities dominated by Scirpus sylvaticus was studied in the mountain area of Mureş County with focus on vegetation community organization, floristic composition and habitat conservation. The vegetation sampling and data analysis were done following standard procedures. The study of wet meadows from the Călimani and Gurghiului Mountains carried out in field during 2015-2019, highlights the presence of hygrophilous coenoses belonging to the Scirpetum sylvatici Ralski 1931 plant association. These wet meadows grow on alluvial, gleyic and acidophilous soils. The identified communities belong to Natura 2000 habitat 6430 Hydrophilous tall-herb fringe communities of plains in the montane to alpine levels. The conservation status of the habitat is good and very good and the floristic composition emphasizes a rich floristic diversity.